Chinese Visual Arts

Starting from the early centuries, China has always had their talents from imaginative and philosophical art; it just hasn’t been recognized widely yet. However, this is that time for the light to shine on their artwork! Or well, at least two of its categories, but the point is for exploration! Anyways, moving onto the first topic, we have Chinese ceramics. There are two main parts to their ceramics and those are low-temperature-fired pottery known as táo or high-temperature-fired pottery which is . At first the crafting of the ceramics were hand-molded, but over the years, new ceramic technologies and styles came into play. One of the most famous ceramics of images.jpegthis time was the Tang Dynasty’s three-colored ware., which also became highly popular to other Asian countries including Korea, Japan, Egypt, etc. They were used to make all types of pottery from bowls to small figures of statues and people. However, China’s porcelain was never really noticed until the late 1200s to the mid 1300s where they became widely spread. The well known porcelain became named after their origin of place. Though the porcelain started off as blue and white, qinghua, it became more open to many other shades as well as the addition of decorative scenes of landscapes, metaphorical symbols, etc. During the 18th century, more additions of using enamel to paint additional and beautiful patterns on the porcelain, yang cai, became a big hit with the West, and it continued Chinese ceramics to climb higher in its path of success.

There is a lot more to the ceramics category of Chinese arts, but now is the time to move onto the wonderful paintings that China presents us. Chinese painting consists of two main techniques: the gongbi and ink and wash painting. The gongbi technique focuses on detailed and fine brushwork that emphasizes precision without independent or expressive variation. The name gongbi comes from the gong chin, which means “meticulous” and focuses into the details without expressive variation. On the other hand, the ink and wash painting originated from East Asia during the Tang Dynasty. That technique focuses on the capturing of a subject’s soul. For example, painting a simple object such as a flower doesn’t mean to draw its outside appearance with petals and leaves, but instead, to express the flower’s image metaphorically. Inspired by the ink and wash painting, many American modernists used this technique to  shape their own approach to art through a story-telling method. Another thing that makes Chinese painting so unique is the metaphorical symbols which tell a meaning of its own. For example, a dragon applies the meaning of the highest fortune while a pine can mean longevity. There are so many other symbols that add to the piece, which will overall enhance the finishing picture.


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